How to determine your skin type – A beauty therapist’s guide

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How to determine your skin type?

 

Knowing your skin type is not that tricky; you simply need to evaluate how your skin looks and feels. Focus on your skin’s qualities, such as your pores and the overall look.

Typically a beauty therapist can help you to determine your skin type. Luckily I happen to be one! Knowing your skin type has massive benefits; it basically means understanding your skin better and knowing what products work and what don’t.

quide to determining your skintype & different skintypes

How to determine your skin type?

To determine your skin type, take a look at your bare skin. Can you see your pores clearly and what’s their size? Are there impurities and if so, what kind? Does your skin look dry or shiny? If your pores are large or there are impurities, you most likely have combination or oily skin. If you can see some flaking or wrinkles, you’re most likely dry.

There are four skin types: Normal, dry, combination and oily. Now you might think, wait, what about sensitive skin or acne? Sensitive skin is actually not a skin type, it’s more of a feature (more on that on this post). And acne is a skin condition, which I’m a little too familiar with, especially hormonal acne.

I should also note that your skin type or your skin’s qualities can and will change with age, as your skin produces less collagen, oils and sebum. In other words, your skin gets more dry and loses firmness.

This means that mature skin is not a skin type per se, it’s just your skin type except more dry. Products advertised for mature skin are usually creamy and nourishing. What that means is that choosing mature skin’s cream (“anti-age cream”) for dry skin might be the right choice and vice versa.

how to determine skin type cheat list
Cheat list for determining your skin type; evaluating the skin.

Different skin types and their characteristics

Your next read: How to build a skincare routine for all skin types

NORMAL SKIN

On normal skin the pores are very small or not visible at all. The skin is even and it doesn’t really have impurities, excluding the occasional spot here or there. It can get dry or sensitive on some occasions, but usually there’s no problem with it. I would still recommend taking good care of your skin, because it’s easy to take it for granted.

When it comes to skincare products, you have the most room to play. It all depends on your personal preference and what do you feel your skin needs: more hydration or lighter products? Explore products for normal, combination or dry skin.

COMBINATION SKIN

Probably the most common skin type.

Combination skin is a mix of normal, dry and oily skin. Usually the T-zone is more oily and the pores are visible, but the cheeks are almost normal or even dry. Impurities, enlarged pores and dryness all go within this skin type. With a good skincare routine combination skin can look close to normal – with the exception of enlarged pores, which you can’t really minimize at home.

Combination skin might be prone to breakouts, so a good wash routine is crucial to keep those pores clean. But don’t fool yourself by choosing the most purifying products; oily skin is a different story. Lightweight and hydrating products are the core to your routine. You might benefit from products that contain AHA or BHA, especially if you have impurities. It’s likely that you need different types of products for different occasions (say, lighter products for summer vs. extra moisture for winter).

I have combination skin, so my skincare recommendations on this blog should be helpful to you.

Quick picks for combination skin:
*Patyka Hydra-Booster Serum (+ other Patyka Hydra line products)
*Pura D’Or Organic Argan oil (actually awesome for all skin types)

how to determine your skintype

OILY SKIN

Oily skin has a tendency to impurities. The pores are visible and likely enlarged. Skin gets oily and shiny. Even oily skin can be sometimes dry and sensitive, but the biggest problem is the oil production and impurities.

A good wash is important to keep the pores clean, but don’t overdo it.  A little bit of oil on the skin is a good thing – but more about that below in the dry skin section. You also need to hydrate and moisturize. If you really struggle with impurities, I would definitely recommend adding a purifying serum, that works its magic under your lotion.

I have a blog post for the best moisturizers for oily skin.

Quick picks for oily skin:
Neal’s Yard Remedies Palmarosa products
*The Body Shop Drops of Youth Serum

 

DRY SKIN

An acid mantle is the skin’s barrier, which consists of sebum and sweat. That protects the skin from dryness, bacteria, air pollutants and other external threats. Dry skin type doesn’t produce enough sebum, which is why the skin can appear dry, flaky or dull.  Basically the acid mantle isn’t working properly. Dry skin has small pores or they’re not visible at all.

Feeling like your skin gets tight after a shower is probably all familiar to you. Dry skin demands oil and moisture. It can’t take certain ingredients and it can react to things like weather quite dramatically, since the acid mantle isn’t fully there to take the hit. In other words, dryness can cause redness and sensitivity. There might be the occasional spot here or there, but it’s quite rare.

Your skin can be problematic but with the right products it can almost be perfect. Take good care of your skin, find the right moisturizers and don’t forget to exfoliate too. (Yes, even dry skin needs exfoliating).

I have dedicated a post for dry skin with a lot of product recommendations. You’ll find the best products for dry skin here!

Quick picks for dry skin:
*Clarins Extra Comfort Toning Lotion
*Loccitane Aqua Reotier Ultra-Thirst Quenching Cream

SENSITIVE SKIN

This is what I’ve learned at school and what I believe in: sensitive skin isn’t a skin type. You might be sensitive to some ingredients or certain products. All skin types can be sensitive.

If your skin is sensitive, you need to learn what ingredients irritate your skin. Or is it perhaps that you’re over-cleansing or over-exfoliating your skin, weakening your skin barrier (the acid mantle)? It’s a good idea to avoid alcohols, harsh cleansers and strong exfoliants.

ACNE & HORMONAL ACNE

Acne is a skin issue that is more likely to happen on mixed or oily skin (but it can happen on any skin type really). If you have mixed or oily skin your skin might be acne-prone, which means wrong products or ingredients can irritate it and cause acne. There are different types of acne. If it’s mild acne, you can probably treat it by upping your skin care game. If it’s really painful and bad – you should see a doctor.

I have suffered from acne throughout my teen and adult life. I have tried pretty much everything. Luckily now my skin (and my panic about acne) has calmed down a lot. You can read more about my acne struggles here.

hormonal acne blog
My hormonal acne at its worst a few years ago.

I also want to say that with hormonal acne, there’s only so much you can do. You can’t get rid of it with products. It’s not your fault. You can, however, maintain it. My skincare routine keeps the worst inflammation at bay, though depending on my cycle, the acne can look a bit worse for a few days. I don’t really use any harsh products for my acne, only some light acid containing toners, AHA or BHA serums and argan oil.

Every acne case is different and it depends on your skin type, but make sure to not over-cleanse your skin. Be gentle with it! I would also recommend using *TBS Drops of youth serum which helps with impurities and skin texture. Another must have product is *argan oil. It’s gonna help moisturize your skin and prevent scarring.

how to determine your skintype

Hopefully you now know how to determine your skin type and were able to learn a thing or two from this post. Let me know if you have any questions.

Make sure to also check out my post on how to build a skincare routine for all skin types. There you’ll find a lot of product recommendations!

 

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